The King of the Bums


JST Matt 25
1 And then, at the day, before the Son of Man comes, the kingdom of heaven shall be likened unto ten virgins, who took their lamps, and went forth to meet the bridegroom.
2 And five of them were wise, and five of them were foolish.
3 They that were foolish took their lamps and took no oil with them; but the wise took oil in their vessels with their lamps.
4 While the bridegroom tarried they all slumbered and slept.
5 And at midnight there was a cry made, Behold, the bridegroom cometh; go ye out to meet him.
6 Then all those virgins arose, and trimmed their lamps.
7 And the foolish said unto the wise, Give us of your oil; for our lamps are gone out.
8 But the wise answered, saying, Lest there be not enough for us and you, go ye rather to them that sell, and buy for yourselves.
9 And while they went to buy, the bridegroom came; and they that were ready went in with him to the marriage; and the door was shut.
10 Afterward came also the other virgins, saying, Lord, Lord, open unto us.
11 But he answered and said, Verily I say unto you, Ye know me not.
12 Watch therefore; for ye know neither the day nor the hour wherein the Son of Man cometh.

What is the oil – which is transferrable in principle? Who sells this oil? How is it purchased?

D&C 63:54
54 And until that hour there will be foolish virgins among the wise; and at that hour cometh an entire separation of the righteous and the wicked; and in that day will I send mine angels to pluck out the wicked and cast them into unquenchable fire.

Might being sent to “buy” “oil” from those who “sell” it have something to do with the angels plucking out the wicked from among the righteous?

JST Matt 25:32-47
32 When the Son of Man shall come in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then he shall sit upon the throne of his glory;
33 And before him shall be gathered all nations; and he shall separate them one from another, as a shepherd divideth sheep from the goats; the sheep on his right hand, but the goats on his left.
34 And he shall sit upon his throne, and the twelve apostles with him.
35 Then shall the king say unto them on his right hand, Come, ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world.
36 For I was an hungered, and ye gave me meat; I was thirsty, and ye gave me drink; I was a stranger, and ye took me in; naked, and ye clothed me;
37 I was sick, and ye visited me; I was in prison, and ye came unto me.
38 Then shall the righteous answer him, saying, Lord, when saw we thee an hungered, and fed thee; or thirsty, and gave thee drink?
39 When saw we thee a stranger, and took thee in; or naked, and clothed thee?
40 Or when saw we thee sick, or in prison, and came unto thee?
41 And the king shall answer and say unto them, Verily I say unto you, inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done it unto me.
42 Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels.
43 For I was an hungered, and ye gave me no meat; I was thirsty, and ye gave me no drink;
44 I was a stranger, and ye took me not in; naked, and ye clothed me not; sick, and in prison, and ye visited me not.
45 Then shall they also answer him, saying, Lord, when saw we thee an hungered, or athirst, or a stranger, or naked, or sick, or in prison, and did not minister unto thee?
46 Then shall he answer them, saying, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye did it not to one of the least of these my brethren, ye did it not unto me.
47 And these shall go away into everlasting punishment; but the righteous into life eternal.

oil-lamp ten virginsWho are “these my brethren,” according to this passage? What might this have to do with the “oil,” and them who “sell” it? Why aren’t church membership or ordinances mentioned?

And on this eve of celebration of the first coming of the Lord, let us remember another teaching.

Luke 14:12-15
12 Then said he also concerning him who bade to the wedding, When thou makest a dinner, or a supper, call not thy friends, nor thy brethren, neither thy kinsmen, nor rich neighbors; lest they also bid thee again, and a recompense be made thee.
13 But when thou makest a feast, call the poor, the maimed, the lame, the blind,
14 And thou shalt be blessed; for they cannot recompense thee; for thou shalt be recompensed at the resurrection of the just.

Invite bums, he says.

Hebrews 13:2
2 Be not forgetful to entertain strangers: for thereby some have entertained angels unawares.

Sometimes, not just angels, but the Lord himself.

JST Genesis 18:1-7
1 And the Lord appeared unto Abraham in the plains of Mamre. And he sat in his tent door in the heat of the day;
2 And he lifted up his eyes and looked, and lo, three men stood by him; and when he saw, he ran to meet them from his tent door, and bowed himself toward the ground, and said;
3 My brethren, if now I have found favor in your sight, pass not away I pray you from thy servant.
4 Let a little water I pray you be fetched, and wash your feet, and rest yourselves under the tree, and I will fetch a morsel of bread, and comfort ye your hearts; after that you shall pass on; for therefore are ye come to your servant. And they said, So do, as thou hast said.
5 And Abraham hastened into the tent unto Sarah, and said, Make ready quickly three measures of fine meal, knead, and make cakes upon the hearth.
6 And Abraham ran unto the herd, and fetched a calf, tender and good, and gave it unto a young man, and he hasted to dress it.
7 And he took butter and milk, and the calf which he had dressed, and set them before them, and he stood by them under the tree, and they did eat.

Abraham did not know it was the Lord at first. This hospitality is the kind of thing Abraham was known for.

Doctrine and Covenants 132:32
32 Go ye, therefore, and do the works of Abraham; enter ye into my law and ye shall be saved.

JST Matt 25:21
21 Therefore, all things whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, do ye even so to them; for this is the law and the prophets.

Merry Christmas!


16 Replies to “The King of the Bums”

  1. I’ll venture an interpretation. In answer to one of your questions: why aren’t church membership or ordinances involved: because this parable doesn’t have anything to do with either. For years, even within the church I was taught this parable meant that there would be 10 active church members, and 5 were living up to all the commandments, so they were prepared, and 5 were slothful so they were not. I don’t believe this interpretation any longer. I have come to believe that Christ is the bridegroom and bids all of us to turn and face and come to Him (having entered the covenant relationship the brides are considered virgins). In the first instance, the “oil” is the light of the Holy Spirit and accompanying gifts which empower one to actually come to Christ. Obviously, the “oil” is not transferable, because it comes by Grace alone, and cannot be purchased for money.Once one is filled with the spirit, and actually receives the gift of Charity, they are then empowered to relay that same charity to others; perhaps this is your reason for tying the parable with the latter set of scriptures. Only by extending this Charity to others (to the best of our ability) that we can actually begin to become like Christ. At the last day “inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done it unto me” will have great meaning to each of us. Peace.


    1. Hi Karl,

      The question about church membership or ordinances missing was pertaining to the parable of the goats and the sheep – except it appears to not really be a parable. Whether one receives eternal life or hell fire appears solely determined by how one dealt with “the least of these my brethren,” according to this teaching; in this context, I believe the Lord is not referring to mortals as “my brethren,” but rather to the angels he’s brought with him. They have been among us in the guise of the poor, the outcast, the fatherless, and so forth, testing us in every way possible, such as seeing if we will break the commandments of God for money by not giving of it when asked (“do you sell your signs and tokens for money?”), if we will take in the bums, clothe the naked, visit them in prison, have compassion upon them, and so forth. Jesus is, in this context, the King of the bums.

      Now, about the oil in the virgins’ lamps, may I suggest that whatever the oil is, it has to be in principle transferrable, because otherwise it makes no sense to ask someone for it, as the foolish virgins do, neither does it make sense to excuse not giving it to them, as the wise do, by saying nuh-uh, there might not be enough for both of us, so go to those who sell it – again implying transferrability. If it was non-transferrable, the wise would have simply stated “we cannot give it to you, therefore go and buy of the sellers” or something like that, except if it can be bought and sold, it still has to be transferrable. For this reason, I suggest that the oil of the lamps cannot be the Holy Spirit, neither charity, for men cannot transfer either.

      So what can be transferred from one man to another, yet the act of transferring takes time that would be better used elsewhere when the call comes; whatever it is you can send someone elsewhere to get – someone sells it, and it can be purchased?

      I can only think of one thing – not claiming revelation here, either – and that one thing is the knowledge, wisdom, experience, and the spiritual enlightenment – the knowing of the Lord – that comes from obeying the precepts of the Lord. The precepts of the Lord direct us to do good to the poor, the outcast, the fatherless, and so forth, giving alms and succoring them in their afflictions, and by so doing we come to know the Lord.

      What if the virgins are the citizens of Zion, where there are no poor among them? How then could the specific things the Lord said to do be done? There are no angels among them in the guise of the bums to accept the tokens, signs, and keywords. So when the call comes to prepare, for the great and dreadful day of the Lord is at hand, the foolish may well ask the wise to give them the required knowledge, wisdom, experience, and revelations that they, too, may know the Lord. The wise may well say they don’t have time and besides, experience is not directly transferrable in words – go find the bums and do what we did to obtain our knowledge of the Lord. The foolish may well then depart the city looking for the poor so they can pass the tests – only while they are out, the Lord comes and the door to Zion is closed. Maybe a pillar of fire now surrounds the city. They call upon the Lord for admittance and he says “You don’t know me.” Of course they don’t – they haven’t been doing the works required to obtain that knowledge.

      There was a reason Joseph’s favorite hymn was “A Poor Wayfaring Man of Grief.” It’s almost as though the entirety of the gospel – and the purpose, originally, of Mormonism as a religion, and the point of the endowments – was to get us to do some very specific things, and prepare us for a specific event.

      May we ever be found doing our duty, being anxiously engaged in a good cause – that which the Lord has asked us to do – which is summed up in the golden rule.


      1. Log, I think we are pretty close in accord on this parable. You may be correct that the reason the virgins can’t transfer the oil is because there simply isn’t time. Obviously, the call goes out and the virgins are in a hurry. Now whether this represents a specific event such as a call to build Zion, the second coming, or our individual death, or all of these together I don’t know. I do believe that when we take the Holy Spirit as our guide, and receive the gift of charity, that as we express that charity to others, we begin to actually become like Jesus. This becoming like Jesus is the real fulfillment of the covenant, as His image becomes ours. Simple but profound principles (admittedly difficult to live consistently). Best regards.


  2. Log,

    Thank you for teaching me this principle of hospitality. Others have mentioned it, but you made me fully aware (of it and the Golden Rule). Merry Christmas to you. Following this teaching has brought me much joy of late, thanks to you! You’re always welcome in my home and at my table.


  3. May we be ever vigilant. Remember that the foolish and the wise virgins all slumbered. They were not alert and waiting. This is a very deep and provocative parable. It goes in many layers. I enjoy discovering layers in this. This is a great day. Peace to all.


  4. Log,

    I had an experience about a week and a half ago. And the same Spirit that tells me that I blew off an Angel/Messenger is telling me to post what happened. I was walking north on the main street of the Gateway Mall, here in Salt Lake City. (And anyone who lives here knows that the mall is about a stone’s throw away from the homeless shelter) it was in the evening, I was with my brother and I was talking on my cell. There is a four corner intersection where the pan handlers hang out on each corner. We were walking on the east side of the road and on the southeast corner there was a homeless man with a sign that briefly caught my attention. He held the cardboard as they usually do about chest high, fingers in front, thumbs in the back. I tried to read it as I was passing but the writing was too small. As I was passing him, looking into his eyes, he tapped the sign with his right middle finger three times in earnest and with firm intent as if to get me to come closer to read it. I just walked on. I usually give about one out of three homeless people I encounter at least something that will help them, food, a little money, whatever I have on me at the time, so it didn’t bother me to walk by him. But as I thought about it the guy seemed intent on getting my attention, unaware I went back after I accomplished what I was there for, about 15 minutes later. And there was a different homeless man there. After leaving the mall and that night the thought was indelibly impressed upon me… “You have ignored what you have been praying for.” The mild chastisement doesn’t end there but this will suffice. I have seen an Angel in the flesh and was none the wiser until the Spirit told me. And who knows what could have come from that. Perhaps the beginning of all my hearts’ righteous desires. Thank heaven for repentance! For with that came an assurance that it will happen again. I’ve have learned so much in the past week and a half just from that one experience. And Pauls’ words are still sounding in my ears.
    “Be not forgetful to entertain strangers: for thereby some have entertained angels unawares.”


    1. I have of myself failed to respond at least thrice as I was bidden.

      I was prompted to go and give a certain individual a place for the night who was at a local 99 cent store when I was going past it. I rationalized myself out of hearkening due to my own uncertainty – was it the Spirit or was it just my own random imagination? – and fear.

      I was prompted to give a certain individual a place for the night but I hearkened to fear and instead offered a meal and a shower instead, which was declined.

      I was prompted to give a certain individual an amount of money but it was beyond what I thought I could give and so I put off the request – hearkening again to fear. I decided afterwards that if anyone made such a request of me I would honor it because the golden rule implies all requests should be granted – damn the consequences and the math. Shortly thereafter, I had that amount, plus more, forcibly taken from me where if I had given, it would have only been the plus more that was taken from me.

      So yeah. We learn by experience to hearken unto the voice that tells us to do good through self-sacrifice and discomfort. I am not perfect yet either.


    2. EricDL,

      Wow! Thank you for sharing your story. The spirit bore witness to me that what you wrote is true. I think there are a lot of times that we are placed in situations that either make us fear or make us feel uncomfortable. behind a lot of these things could be some cool truths. When we get out of our comfort zone we are able to grow.


    3. EricDL

      I had a similar experience about a week ago. I was getting into my car after doing a bit of Christmas shopping and I was impressed to have a $5.00 bill ready to give to someone. About ten minutes later, I passed an old gentleman holding a sign but for some reason my feelings were flat…. but I gave him the bill anyway.

      No sooner had I given the $5.00 away than I pass a younger man, also holding a sign asking for help. As I passed him our eyes met and penetrated mine, then he smiled at me. Immediately, I knew that this was who the $5.00 was meant for. I had no more cash on hand to share.

      I had jumped the gun and had not waited for the Spirit to testify to me whom the bill was for. I have a tendency to take matters into my own hand with my own timing. Lesson learned.


    4. I only just saw this post, and happened to be walking the streets of Salt Lake City just last week. I was with a group in a car, not driving, and saw one of these men asking for help from the people I was with. God quieted my mouth–this was their test. And they went on.

      These were LDS temple recommend holders who claimed that the homeless people were probably just buying alcohol or drugs. This disagrees with Joseph and Brigham’s teachings which were that if nine in ten were a fraud it was still worth helping these folks.

      For most of my young adult life I hated and ignored the poor because I was taught to. Now I have been doing my part and I know from Him I have. I plan to help establish villages and communities and fill them with people like this… But first of all to do what God asks when it is asked.


  5. It seems appropriate to cite Benjamin’s speech on this subject.

    Mosiah 4
    16 And also, ye yourselves will succor those that stand in need of your succor; ye will administer of your substance unto him that standeth in need; and ye will not suffer that the beggar putteth up his petition to you in vain, and turn him out to perish.

    17 Perhaps thou shalt say: The man has brought upon himself his misery; therefore I will stay my hand, and will not give unto him of my food, nor impart unto him of my substance that he may not suffer, for his punishments are just—

    18 But I say unto you, O man, whosoever doeth this the same hath great cause to repent; and except he repenteth of that which he hath done he perisheth forever, and hath no interest in the kingdom of God.

    19 For behold, are we not all beggars? Do we not all depend upon the same Being, even God, for all the substance which we have, for both food and raiment, and for gold, and for silver, and for all the riches which we have of every kind?

    20 And behold, even at this time, ye have been calling on his name, and begging for a remission of your sins. And has he suffered that ye have begged in vain? Nay; he has poured out his Spirit upon you, and has caused that your hearts should be filled with joy, and has caused that your mouths should be stopped that ye could not find utterance, so exceedingly great was your joy.

    21 And now, if God, who has created you, on whom you are dependent for your lives and for all that ye have and are, doth grant unto you whatsoever ye ask that is right, in faith, believing that ye shall receive, O then, how ye ought to impart of the substance that ye have one to another.

    22 And if ye judge the man who putteth up his petition to you for your substance that he perish not, and condemn him, how much more just will be your condemnation for withholding your substance, which doth not belong to you but to God, to whom also your life belongeth; and yet ye put up no petition, nor repent of the thing which thou hast done.

    23 I say unto you, wo be unto that man, for his substance shall perish with him; and now, I say these things unto those who are rich as pertaining to the things of this world.

    24 And again, I say unto the poor, ye who have not and yet have sufficient, that ye remain from day to day; I mean all you who deny the beggar, because ye have not; I would that ye say in your hearts that: I give not because I have not, but if I had I would give.

    25 And now, if ye say this in your hearts ye remain guiltless, otherwise ye are condemned; and your condemnation is just for ye covet that which ye have not received.

    26 And now, for the sake of these things which I have spoken unto you—that is, for the sake of retaining a remission of your sins from day to day, that ye may walk guiltless before God—I would that ye should impart of your substance to the poor, every man according to that which he hath, such as feeding the hungry, clothing the naked, visiting the sick and administering to their relief, both spiritually and temporally, according to their wants.

    27 And see that all these things are done in wisdom and order; for it is not requisite that a man should run faster than he has strength. And again, it is expedient that he should be diligent, that thereby he might win the prize; therefore, all things must be done in order.

    And Jacob.

    Jacob 2
    17 Think of your brethren like unto yourselves, and be familiar with all and free with your substance, that they may be rich like unto you.

    Familiar means “like family.” That is a tough one to hear. But the worst thing that can happen is we end up as one of the homeless bums.

    JST Luke 18
    18 And a certain ruler asked him, saying, Good Master, what shall I do to inherit eternal life?

    19 And Jesus said unto him, Why callest thou me good? None is good, save one, that is, God.

    20 Thou knowest the commandments; Do not commit adultery. Do not kill. Do not steal. Do not bear false witness. Honor thy father, and thy mother.

    21 And he said, All these have I kept from my youth up.

    22 Now when Jesus heard these things, he said unto him, Yet thou lackest one thing; sell all that thou hast, and distribute unto the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven, and come, follow me.

    23 And when he heard this, he was very sorrowful; for he was very rich.

    24 And when Jesus saw that he was very sorrowful, he said, How hardly shall they who have riches enter into the kingdom of God!

    25 For it is easier for a camel to go through a needle’s eye, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God.

    26 And they who heard, said unto him, Who then can be saved?

    27 And he said unto them, It is impossible for them who trust in riches, to enter into the kingdom of God; but he who forsaketh the things which are of this world, it is possible with God, that he should enter in.

    28 Then Peter said, Lo, we have left all, and followed thee.

    29 And he said unto them, Verily I say unto you. There is no man who has left house, or parents, or brethren, or wife, or children, for the kingdom of God’s sake,

    30 Who shall not receive manifold more in this present time; and in the world to come, life everlasting.

    Doctrine and Covenants 98:14
    14 Therefore, be not afraid of your enemies, for I have decreed in my heart, saith the Lord, that I will prove you in all things, whether you will abide in my covenant, even unto death, that you may be found worthy.

    Isaiah 58
    1 Proclaim it aloud without restraint;
    raise your voice like a trumpet!
    Declare to my people their transgressions,
    to the house of Jacob its sins.

    2 Yet they importune me daily,
    eager to learn my ways,
    like a nation practicing righteousness
    and not forsaking the precepts of its God.
    They inquire of me concerning correct ordinances,
    desiring to draw nearer to God:

    3 Why, when we fast, do you not notice?
    We afflict our bodies and you remain indifferent!
    It is because on your fast day you pursue your own ends
    and constrain all who toil for you.

    4 You fast amid strife and contention,
    striking out savagely with the fist.
    Your present fasts are not such
    as to make your voice heard on high.

    5 Is this the manner of fasting I have required,
    just a time for men to torment themselves?
    Is it only for bowing one’s head like a reed
    and making one’s bed of sackcloth and ashes?
    Do you call that a fast,
    a day of Jehovah’s good graces?

    6 Is not this the fast I require:
    To release from wrongful bondage,
    to untie the harness of the yoke,
    to set the oppressed at liberty
    and abolish all forms of subjection?

    7 Is it not to share your food with the hungry,
    to bring home the wretchedly poor,
    and when you see men underclad to clothe them,
    and not to neglect your own kin?

    8 Then shall your light break through like the dawn
    and your healing speedily appear;
    your righteousness will go before you,
    and the glory of Jehovah will be your rearguard.

    9 Then, should you call, Jehovah will respond;
    should you cry, he will say, I am here.
    Indeed, if you will banish servitude from among you,
    and the pointing finger and offensive speech,

    10 if you will give of your own to the hungry
    and satisfy the needs of the oppressed,
    then shall your light dawn amid darkness
    and your twilight become as the noonday.

    11 Jehovah will direct you continually;
    he will satisfy your needs in the dearth
    and bring vigor to your limbs.
    And you will become like a well-watered garden,
    like a spring of unfailing waters.

    12 They who came out of you will rebuild the ancient ruins;
    you will restore the foundations of generations ago.
    You shall be called a rebuilder of fallen walls,
    a restorer of streets for resettlement.

    13 If you will keep your feet from trampling the Sabbath—
    from achieving your own ends on my holy day—
    and consider the Sabbath a delight,
    the holy day of Jehovah venerable,
    and if you will honor it
    by refraining from your everyday pursuits—
    from occupying yourselves with your own affairs
    and speaking of business matters—

    14 then shall you delight in Jehovah,
    and I will make you traverse the heights of the earth
    and nourish you with the heritage of Jacob your father.
    By his mouth Jehovah has spoken it.


  6. A new question has suggested itself – who are the angels?

    D&C 109
    75 That when the trump shall sound for the dead, we shall be caught up in the cloud to meet thee, that we may ever be with the Lord;

    76 That our garments may be pure, that we may be clothed upon with robes of righteousness, with palms in our hands, and crowns of glory upon our heads, and reap eternal joy for all our sufferings.

    D&C 88
    96 And the saints that are upon the earth, who are alive, shall be quickened and be caught up to meet him.

    97 And they who have slept in their graves shall come forth, for their graves shall be opened; and they also shall be caught up to meet him in the midst of the pillar of heaven—

    98 They are Christ’s, the first fruits, they who shall descend with him first, and they who are on the earth and in their graves, who are first caught up to meet him; and all this by the voice of the sounding of the trump of the angel of God.

    Are these possibly those who whom Christ is referring when he says, “inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done it unto me”?

    D&C 129
    1 There are two kinds of beings in heaven, namely: Angels, who are resurrected personages, having bodies of flesh and bones—

    2 For instance, Jesus said: Handle me and see, for a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as ye see me have.

    3 Secondly: the spirits of just men made perfect, they who are not resurrected, but inherit the same glory.

    Moses 7
    60 And the Lord said unto Enoch: As I live, even so will I come in the last days, in the days of wickedness and vengeance, to fulfil the oath which I have made unto you concerning the children of Noah;

    61 And the day shall come that the earth shall rest, but before that day the heavens shall be darkened, and a veil of darkness shall cover the earth; and the heavens shall shake, and also the earth; and great tribulations shall be among the children of men, but my people will I preserve;

    62 And righteousness will I send down out of heaven; and truth will I send forth out of the earth, to bear testimony of mine Only Begotten; his resurrection from the dead; yea, and also the resurrection of all men; and righteousness and truth will I cause to sweep the earth as with a flood, to gather out mine elect from the four quarters of the earth, unto a place which I shall prepare, an Holy City, that my people may gird up their loins, and be looking forth for the time of my coming; for there shall be my tabernacle, and it shall be called Zion, a New Jerusalem.

    63 And the Lord said unto Enoch: Then shalt thou and all thy city meet them there, and we will receive them into our bosom, and they shall see us; and we will fall upon their necks, and they shall fall upon our necks, and we will kiss each other;

    64 And there shall be mine abode, and it shall be Zion, which shall come forth out of all the creations which I have made; and for the space of a thousand years the earth shall rest.

    Luke 18
    1 And he spake a parable unto them to this end, that men ought always to pray, and not to faint;

    2 Saying, There was in a city a judge, which feared not God, neither regarded man:

    3 And there was a widow in that city; and she came unto him, saying, Avenge me of mine adversary.

    4 And he would not for a while: but afterward he said within himself, Though I fear not God, nor regard man;

    5 Yet because this widow troubleth me, I will avenge her, lest by her continual coming she weary me.

    6 And the Lord said, Hear what the unjust judge saith.

    7 And shall not God avenge his own elect, which cry day and night unto him, though he bear long with them?

    8 I tell you that he will avenge them speedily. Nevertheless when the Son of man cometh, shall he find faith on the earth?


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